Samarkand is one of oldest cities in the world: according to the archaeological data it was founded in the middle of the 8th century BC and served as the capital of Timurid Empire. Samarkand became the first capital of Soviet Uzbekistan in 1924. Today it is the third biggest city in Uzbekistan and fast growing touristic centre. It attracts visitors with its ancient architecture and rich history, as well as a special amicable atmosphere. The architectural ensembles of Samarkand as well as archaeological remains of Afrosiab have preserved all characteristic features related to the style and techniques and have maintained the traditional spatial plans of the urban quarter. However, inadequate restoration interventions as well as the challenges faced in controlling changes, particularly the construction of modern buildings, and the modernization on private properties have affected the authenticity of the property and make the property vulnerable to further changes.