Nuwara Eliya is often referred to by the Sri Lankan tourist industry as ‘Little England’. While most British visitors struggle to recognise modern England in Nuwara Eliya, the toy-town ambience does have a rose-tinted English country village feel to it, though it comes with a disorienting surrealist edge. This famous upcountry town is situated 1868 meters above sea level and is in the Nuwara Eliya District. Due to it’s high altitude, it has a Sub Tropical Highland climate. The maximum rainfall is generally in October and the minimum rainfall is in March. Sri Lanka’s highest mountain Pidurutalagala with a height of 2,527 m is very close to this town and can be seen prominently. The distance to the mountain is about 5 Km as the crow flies. During the British period this mountain was called as Mount Pedro.
Today the mountain area is a high security zone since the summit is made used for state communication and TV transmission towers. Horton Plains situated south of Nuwara Eliya is a unique Ecological zone of Wet Patana Grassland with a Cloud Forest. Nuwara Eliya is about 75 Km from Kandy. Nuwara Eliya district is famous for Tea Plantation and the cool and moist climate are factors for the Tea leaves to thrive on. Areas such as Hatton, Talawakele, Maskeliya are around Nuwara Eliya and tea grown in this region has a high market and is in good demand worldwide. Famous waterfalls such as Devon and St.Clair falls are situated close to Nuwara Eliya and the Lake Gregory in the heart of the city is a much sought out tourist attraction.